The I+I Centre explores the interplay between science, technology and public policy. It examines both policies that are driven or mandated by technological progress  and those which are enabled or improved by science and technology. The Centre's research focuses on current and future technologies that raise difficult public policy and governance issues and are likely to have high added value for future and present policy makers.


Cognizant of the fact that research on the role of information technology casts a very wide net, the active and vibrant community of researchers at the I+I Centre engage in numerous research projects that are aligned with the following research areas.

Governance of Technology 

Information is the lifeblood of the knowledge economy. As it has shifted from a conduit of commercial transactions (signaling among other things quality and price) to the central good exchanged on information and attention markets, its value his risen - and so has the need to govern the flow of information. Much of this governance takes place among private actors - individuals keep and relay information to each other, and so do commercial enterprises. Rules - in the form of laws and regulations - aid in this governing of information technology, from intellectual property to privacy rights, from contractual non-disclosure clauses to mandatory transparency norms, like the ones found in the freedom of information acts. The governance of information is as much about excluding others from information flows, as it is to include - and the societal limits that constrain these decisions.

Governance of the Sharing Economy

Science & Society

The Future of Cybersecurity



Innovation Systems

For many post-industrial nations, competitive advantage has shifted from natural resources, cheap labor and the efficient organization of production to the creation and (mostly market-based) utilization of knowledge - or  "innovation". As innovation turns into an activity societies and nations desire to encourage, we know relatively little how to do that. Policy makers thus have to act more on beliefs than facts. Part of the problem is that innovation itself is difficult to measure - often measured through proxies and only on the macro scale. Part of the problem is that we do not have enough of an understanding how policy mechanisms, including regulating, affect innovation.

Why are some organizations so much more innovative than others, and so much more profitable? What is the secret behind Wikipedia? How will nations be threatened in the future – by bits and not atoms? Where is power shifting unexpectedly from governments and established corporations to ad hoc coalitions, and why? There is one element that the answers to these questions all have in common: information. How information flows in an organization – whether it remains caught in stove-piped hierarchies or can flows across structural bridges – is decisive for its capacity to innovate and prosper. Wikipedia succeeds as millions donate a bit of information to the common good, while both physical battle and cyber warfare are resting on the power over information. Governing this information decides who wins and who loses economically, politically, and militarily. Information has become the fundamental driver of change. 

The Information + Innovation Policy Research Centre, established in 2008 by the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy sheds light on these developments by examining the role of information in organizations, the economy and society, especially as it pertains to our capacity to innovate. We aim at helping future and present policy makers to understand the consequences of this paradigm shift, and to devise sound policies for information governance. Our research aims at tackling each of these challenges.

iplusi is the Information and Innovation research centre 

of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

at the National University of Singapore.

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